neither respects State borders nor demarcations of responsibility between governments or border agencies.
Border management is an extraordinary responsibility of each sovereign State to choose best practices and the most modern standards to control and secure their borders with regards to political, security, socio-economic, and cultural considerations.
States are committed under international law, in particular international human rights, refugee and humanitarian law. They further consider best practices and standards laid down by renowned international organisations such as ICAO, IOM, OSCE, UNHCR, WCO and others.
Borders are not uniform and every border has a particular character and may call for specific policy choices in order to promote open and secure borders.
This requires to facilitate inter-State cooperation to address the threats of trans-national organised crime, terrorism, illegal migration, and the illicit trafficking of human beings, drugs and weapons.
Criminals in fact often target the gaps created by borders or demarcations as they can present opportunities for higher profit and lower risk. Respecting the fact that each government needs to be able to align its resources to deal with its border related priorities in the most effective and efficient manner possible, there remains an underlying need for all experts to work collaboratively and cohesively to address the most serious threats from cross border crime.